Independence Day in India is a significant day for all of the country’s citizens. It is celebrated every year on August 15th, and it marks the moment when India became an independent country after years of being under British rule.
There are many events and activities planned for Independence Day in India this year, so make sure to check out all of the information available online. You won’t regret celebrating this important national holiday!
India’s founding fathers faced many obstacles on the social and economic fronts after achieving political freedom. The political elite set out on their mission with the intention of achieving socio-political independence for the nation. At first, famines and starvation would force India to frequently seek outside assistance for its food and nutrition security.
Another major drag on the economy was illiteracy. India had a population of roughly 34 crore people at the time of independence, and just 4 crore people were literate. Low economic capacity brought on by slow agricultural expansion and a weak manufacturing capacity were among the issues.
After India gained its independence, Manmohan Singh, a former prime minister, is credited with saying: “The brightest jewel in the British Crown” was the world’s poorest nation in terms of per capita GDP at the start of the 20th century.
But since the nation gained independence in 1947, the economy has had many upsides and downsides, including the agrarian crisis, three wars, the 1991 privatization initiative, demonetization, and the implementation of the Goods and Service Tax (GST).
Evolution of the Indian Flag – Tricolour
The numerous alterations that our national flag has undergone since it was initially created are quite astonishing. During the course of our country’s fight for freedom, it was revealed or recognized. The Indian National Flag underwent numerous variations during its history before becoming what it is now. It partially reflects the country’s political trends. The following are some historical turning points in the development of our national flag:
Unofficial flag of India in 1906
This flag was created on August 7, 1906, in Kolkata’s Parsee Bagan Square which is also known as Green Park. This flag comprises three red, yellow, and green horizontal strips made up the flag.
Bhikaiji Cama hoisted the Berlin committee flag for the first time in 1907
In 1907, Madame Cama and her group of exiled republicans raised the second flag in Paris (according to some inl9OS). This flag was fairly identical to the earlier one, with the exception that the top strip only featured one lotus instead of the Saptarishi’s seven stars. Additionally, this flag was displayed at a socialist gathering in Berlin.
The banner flew in 1917 during the Home Rule agitation
Saptarishi flag pattern seen In 1917 as this flag was comprised of 5 red, 4 green horizontal stripes which are aligned alternatively. In one area, there was a white crescent and star as well.
The 1921 unofficial adoption of the flag
An Andhra teenager made a flag during the All India Congress Committee meeting in Bezwada (now Vijayawada) in 1921 and presented it to Gandhiji. It consisted of the two primary religious groups—Hindus and Muslims—represented by the two colors red and green. Gandhiji recommended including a white strip to symbolize the last of India’s ethnicities and a spinning wheel to signify the nation’s development.
The 1931 adoption of the flag. This flag was also the combat flag of the Indian National Army
A pivotal year in the history of the flag was 1931. A motion was approved designating the tricolor flag as our country’s flag. This flag, the ancestor of the current one, featured Mahatma Gandhi’s spinning wheel in the middle and was made of saffron, white, and green. However, it was made very clear that it had no communal importance and should be taken as such.
India’s current tricolor flag
The Constituent Assembly designated it as the National Flag of Free India on July 22, 1947. The colors and their meaning remained the same after the declaration of independence. The spin wheel was replaced with the Dharma Charkha of Emperor Asoka as the flag’s insignia. the tricolor flag of Indian Independence finally replaced the tricolor flag of the Congress Party.